美国梅奥诊所:儿童2型糖尿病的并发症

豌豆爸爸 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 12 次浏览 • 2017-08-15 13:20 • 来自相关话题

 
Type 2 diabetes can affect nearly every major organ in your child's body, including the blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. The long-term complications of type 2 diabetes develop gradually. But eventually, diabetes complications may be disabling or even life-threatening.

Complications of type 2 diabetes include:
High blood pressureHigh cholesterolHeart and blood vessel diseaseStrokeNonalcoholic fatty liver diseaseKidney diseaseBlindnessAmputationCertain skin conditions
 
Keeping your child's blood sugar level close to normal most of the time can dramatically reduce the risk of these complications.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1805
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/dise ... 13482 查看全部

 
Type 2 diabetes can affect nearly every major organ in your child's body, including the blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. The long-term complications of type 2 diabetes develop gradually. But eventually, diabetes complications may be disabling or even life-threatening.

Complications of type 2 diabetes include:
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Heart and blood vessel disease
  • Stroke
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Blindness
  • Amputation
  • Certain skin conditions

 
Keeping your child's blood sugar level close to normal most of the time can dramatically reduce the risk of these complications.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1805
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/dise ... 13482

美国梅奥诊所:儿童2型糖尿病的危险因素

豌豆爸爸 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 11 次浏览 • 2017-08-15 13:14 • 来自相关话题

Researchers don't fully understand why some children develop type 2 diabetes and others don't, even if they have similar risk factors. However, it's clear that certain factors increase the risk, including:
Weight. Being overweight is a primary risk factor for type 2 diabetes. The more fatty tissue children have — especially inside and between the muscle and skin around the abdomen — the more resistant their bodies' cells become to insulin. The association between obesity and type 2 diabetes is even stronger in youth than in adults.Inactivity. The less active your child is, the greater his or her risk of type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps your child control his or her weight, uses glucose as energy, and makes your child's cells more responsive to insulin.Family history. Children's risk of type 2 diabetes increases if they have a parent or sibling with the disease.Race. Although it's unclear why, people of certain races — including African-Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, Asian-Americans and Pacific Islanders — are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.Age and sex. Many children develop type 2 diabetes at the start of puberty. Adolescent girls are likelier to develop type 2 diabetes than are adolescent boys.Birth weight and gestational diabetes. Low birth weight and being born to a mother who had gestational diabetes during the pregnancy are both associated with a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1804
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/dise ... 13482 查看全部


Researchers don't fully understand why some children develop type 2 diabetes and others don't, even if they have similar risk factors. However, it's clear that certain factors increase the risk, including:
  • Weight. Being overweight is a primary risk factor for type 2 diabetes. The more fatty tissue children have — especially inside and between the muscle and skin around the abdomen — the more resistant their bodies' cells become to insulin. The association between obesity and type 2 diabetes is even stronger in youth than in adults.
  • Inactivity. The less active your child is, the greater his or her risk of type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps your child control his or her weight, uses glucose as energy, and makes your child's cells more responsive to insulin.
  • Family history. Children's risk of type 2 diabetes increases if they have a parent or sibling with the disease.
  • Race. Although it's unclear why, people of certain races — including African-Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, Asian-Americans and Pacific Islanders — are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
  • Age and sex. Many children develop type 2 diabetes at the start of puberty. Adolescent girls are likelier to develop type 2 diabetes than are adolescent boys.
  • Birth weight and gestational diabetes. Low birth weight and being born to a mother who had gestational diabetes during the pregnancy are both associated with a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1804
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/dise ... 13482

美国梅奥诊所:儿童2型糖尿病的病因

豌豆爸爸 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 9 次浏览 • 2017-08-15 13:12 • 来自相关话题

 
Causes

The exact cause of type 2 diabetes is unknown. But family history and genetics appear to play an important role. Inactivity and excess fat — especially abdominal fat — also seem to be important factors.

What is clear is that people with type 2 diabetes don't process glucose properly anymore. As a result, sugar accumulates in the bloodstream instead of doing its normal job of fueling the cells that make up muscles and other tissues.

Most of the glucose in people's bodies comes from the food they eat. When food is digested, sugar enters the bloodstream. Moving sugar from the bloodstream to the body's cells requires a hormone (insulin).

Insulin comes from the pancreas, a gland located behind the stomach. The pancreas secretes insulin into the bloodstream after a person eats.

As insulin circulates, it allows sugar to enter the cells — and lowers the amount of sugar in the bloodstream. As the blood sugar level drops, so does the secretion of insulin from the pancreas.

Type 2 diabetes develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas stops making enough insulin. The resulting buildup of sugar in the bloodstream can cause life-threatening complications.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1803
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/dise ... 13482 查看全部

 
Causes

The exact cause of type 2 diabetes is unknown. But family history and genetics appear to play an important role. Inactivity and excess fat — especially abdominal fat — also seem to be important factors.

What is clear is that people with type 2 diabetes don't process glucose properly anymore. As a result, sugar accumulates in the bloodstream instead of doing its normal job of fueling the cells that make up muscles and other tissues.

Most of the glucose in people's bodies comes from the food they eat. When food is digested, sugar enters the bloodstream. Moving sugar from the bloodstream to the body's cells requires a hormone (insulin).

Insulin comes from the pancreas, a gland located behind the stomach. The pancreas secretes insulin into the bloodstream after a person eats.

As insulin circulates, it allows sugar to enter the cells — and lowers the amount of sugar in the bloodstream. As the blood sugar level drops, so does the secretion of insulin from the pancreas.

Type 2 diabetes develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas stops making enough insulin. The resulting buildup of sugar in the bloodstream can cause life-threatening complications.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1803
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/dise ... 13482

美国梅奥诊所:儿童2型糖尿病的症状

豌豆爸爸 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 11 次浏览 • 2017-08-15 13:07 • 来自相关话题

 
Type 2 diabetes in children may develop gradually. About 40 percent of children who have type 2 diabetes have no signs or symptoms and are diagnosed during routine physical exams.

Other children might experience:
Increased thirst and frequent urination. Excess sugar building up in your child's bloodstream pulls fluid from tissues. As a result your child might be thirsty — and drink and urinate more than usual.Weight loss. Without the energy that sugar supplies, muscle tissues and fat stores simply shrink. However, weight loss is less common in children with type 2 diabetes than in children with type 1 diabetes.Fatigue. Lack of sugar in your child's cells might make him or her tired and lethargic.Blurred vision. If your child's blood sugar is too high, fluid may be pulled from the lenses of your child's eyes. Your child might be unable to focus clearly.Slow-healing sores or frequent infections. Type 2 diabetes affects your child's ability to heal and resist infections.
 When to see a doctor

See your child's doctor if you notice any of the signs or symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Undiagnosed, the disease can cause serious damage. Diabetes screening is recommended for all children and adolescents who are overweight and have at least two other risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1802
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/dise ... 13482 查看全部

 
Type 2 diabetes in children may develop gradually. About 40 percent of children who have type 2 diabetes have no signs or symptoms and are diagnosed during routine physical exams.

Other children might experience:
  • Increased thirst and frequent urination. Excess sugar building up in your child's bloodstream pulls fluid from tissues. As a result your child might be thirsty — and drink and urinate more than usual.
  • Weight loss. Without the energy that sugar supplies, muscle tissues and fat stores simply shrink. However, weight loss is less common in children with type 2 diabetes than in children with type 1 diabetes.
  • Fatigue. Lack of sugar in your child's cells might make him or her tired and lethargic.
  • Blurred vision. If your child's blood sugar is too high, fluid may be pulled from the lenses of your child's eyes. Your child might be unable to focus clearly.
  • Slow-healing sores or frequent infections. Type 2 diabetes affects your child's ability to heal and resist infections.

 When to see a doctor

See your child's doctor if you notice any of the signs or symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Undiagnosed, the disease can cause serious damage. Diabetes screening is recommended for all children and adolescents who are overweight and have at least two other risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1802
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/dise ... 13482

美国梅奥诊所:糖尿病患者如何备孕?

豌豆爸爸 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 11 次浏览 • 2017-08-15 12:58 • 来自相关话题

 Pregnancy and diabetes doesn't have to be a risky combination. By preparing for pregnancy, you can boost the odds of delivering a healthy baby. Here's how.
 
If you have diabetes — either type 1 or type 2 — and you're thinking about having a baby, you might be concerned about the risks. To put your mind at ease, start preparing. Controlling your blood sugar level and making healthy lifestyle choices before pregnancy can help you give your baby the healthiest start.

Start with a checkup

The first step in preparing for pregnancy is to talk to your health care provider.

He or she might recommend: 
Changing medications. If you take oral diabetes medication, you might need to switch to insulin or make other changes to your diabetes treatment plan before you conceive. In addition, some medications — including certain drugs to treat high blood pressure — aren't recommended during pregnancy.Treatment for certain conditions. If you have high blood pressure or signs of heart, eye, nerve or kidney disease — or other diabetes complications that could be aggravated by pregnancy — preparing for pregnancy might include treatment before conception.Consulting with specialists. Your health care provider might suggest scheduling preconception appointments with an obstetrician who specializes in high-risk pregnancies, a diabetes educator, a registered dietitian or other specialists.
 
Focus on blood sugar control

Controlling your blood sugar level is the best way to prevent diabetes complications. When you're preparing for pregnancy, blood sugar control is more important than ever. Your health care provider might want you to reach a specific hemoglobin A1C level — a reflection of your blood sugar level for the past two to three months — before pregnancy.

Your baby's brain, spinal cord, heart and other organs begin forming soon after conception, even before you know you're pregnant. If you have poor blood sugar control during the earliest days of pregnancy, your risk of miscarriage and your baby's risk of birth defects — particularly those affecting the brain, spinal cord and heart — increase.

Your health care provider will help you establish your target blood sugar range. He or she will also evaluate your diabetes treatment plan and consider any changes that might be needed to improve it. For example, some women preparing for pregnancy might consider using an insulin pump or increasing the number of insulin injections to improve blood sugar control. The goal is to keep your blood sugar level as close to normal as safely possible.

Keep up a healthy diet

Your diabetes diet probably includes plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. You can eat the same foods while you're preparing for pregnancy. If you're having trouble keeping your blood sugar level in your target range or you want to lose excess pounds before pregnancy, consult a registered dietitian. He or she can help you customize your diabetes meal plan to meet your pre-pregnancy needs.

To help fill any nutritional gaps, take prenatal vitamins that contain folic acid — ideally starting a few months before conception.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1801
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/heal ... 45054 查看全部

 Pregnancy and diabetes doesn't have to be a risky combination. By preparing for pregnancy, you can boost the odds of delivering a healthy baby. Here's how.
 
If you have diabetes — either type 1 or type 2 — and you're thinking about having a baby, you might be concerned about the risks. To put your mind at ease, start preparing. Controlling your blood sugar level and making healthy lifestyle choices before pregnancy can help you give your baby the healthiest start.

Start with a checkup

The first step in preparing for pregnancy is to talk to your health care provider.

He or she might recommend: 
  • Changing medications. If you take oral diabetes medication, you might need to switch to insulin or make other changes to your diabetes treatment plan before you conceive. In addition, some medications — including certain drugs to treat high blood pressure — aren't recommended during pregnancy.
  • Treatment for certain conditions. If you have high blood pressure or signs of heart, eye, nerve or kidney disease — or other diabetes complications that could be aggravated by pregnancy — preparing for pregnancy might include treatment before conception.
  • Consulting with specialists. Your health care provider might suggest scheduling preconception appointments with an obstetrician who specializes in high-risk pregnancies, a diabetes educator, a registered dietitian or other specialists.

 
Focus on blood sugar control

Controlling your blood sugar level is the best way to prevent diabetes complications. When you're preparing for pregnancy, blood sugar control is more important than ever. Your health care provider might want you to reach a specific hemoglobin A1C level — a reflection of your blood sugar level for the past two to three months — before pregnancy.

Your baby's brain, spinal cord, heart and other organs begin forming soon after conception, even before you know you're pregnant. If you have poor blood sugar control during the earliest days of pregnancy, your risk of miscarriage and your baby's risk of birth defects — particularly those affecting the brain, spinal cord and heart — increase.

Your health care provider will help you establish your target blood sugar range. He or she will also evaluate your diabetes treatment plan and consider any changes that might be needed to improve it. For example, some women preparing for pregnancy might consider using an insulin pump or increasing the number of insulin injections to improve blood sugar control. The goal is to keep your blood sugar level as close to normal as safely possible.

Keep up a healthy diet

Your diabetes diet probably includes plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. You can eat the same foods while you're preparing for pregnancy. If you're having trouble keeping your blood sugar level in your target range or you want to lose excess pounds before pregnancy, consult a registered dietitian. He or she can help you customize your diabetes meal plan to meet your pre-pregnancy needs.

To help fill any nutritional gaps, take prenatal vitamins that contain folic acid — ideally starting a few months before conception.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1801
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/heal ... 45054

美国梅奥诊所:糖尿病药物可以帮助糖尿病患者减重吗?

豌豆爸爸 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 15 次浏览 • 2017-08-14 22:37 • 来自相关话题

Exenatide (Byetta, Bydureon) and liraglutide (Victoza) are taken by injection, similar to insulin, but they're not insulin. These medications are in a class of drugs called incretin mimetics, which improve blood sugar control by mimicking the action of a hormone called glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1). Among other things, these drugs stimulate insulin secretion in response to rising blood sugar levels after a meal, which results in lowering of the blood sugar.

Byetta, Bydureon and Victoza not only improve blood sugar control, but may also lead to weight loss. There are many proposed ways in which these medications cause weight loss. They appear to help suppress appetite. But the most prominent effect of these drugs is that they delay the movement of food from the stomach into the small intestine. As a result, you may feel "full" faster and longer, so you eat less.

Byetta is injected twice daily, and Victoza is injected once a day. Bydureon, a newer formulation, is injected once a week. These drugs do have different effects and side effects to consider.
Exenatide (Byetta, Bydureon). The most common side effect of exenatide is mild to moderate nausea, which improves with time in most people. Several cases of kidney problems, including kidney failure, have been reported in people who have taken exenatide. Rarely, exenatide may cause harmful inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis).Liraglutide (Victoza). Some studies have found that liraglutide reduces systolic blood pressure and triglycerides, in addition to improving blood sugar control. The most common side effects are headache, nausea and diarrhea. Clinical studies have also shown that liraglutide may cause pancreatitis.

If you have a personal or family history of medullary thyroid cancer or multiple endocrine neoplasia, you shouldn't use exenatide or liraglutide. Laboratory studies have associated these drugs with thyroid tumors in rats. Until more long-term studies are completed, the risk to humans for developing these types of tumors as a result of using these drugs isn't known.

These drugs are designed for people who have type 2 diabetes. However, a new drug containing a higher dose of liraglutide (Saxenda) was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treatment of obesity in nondiabetics. If you have diabetes and wonder if Byetta, Bydureon or Victoza may be helpful, talk to your doctor.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1800
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/dise ... 57955 查看全部


Exenatide (Byetta, Bydureon) and liraglutide (Victoza) are taken by injection, similar to insulin, but they're not insulin. These medications are in a class of drugs called incretin mimetics, which improve blood sugar control by mimicking the action of a hormone called glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1). Among other things, these drugs stimulate insulin secretion in response to rising blood sugar levels after a meal, which results in lowering of the blood sugar.

Byetta, Bydureon and Victoza not only improve blood sugar control, but may also lead to weight loss. There are many proposed ways in which these medications cause weight loss. They appear to help suppress appetite. But the most prominent effect of these drugs is that they delay the movement of food from the stomach into the small intestine. As a result, you may feel "full" faster and longer, so you eat less.

Byetta is injected twice daily, and Victoza is injected once a day. Bydureon, a newer formulation, is injected once a week. These drugs do have different effects and side effects to consider.
  • Exenatide (Byetta, Bydureon). The most common side effect of exenatide is mild to moderate nausea, which improves with time in most people. Several cases of kidney problems, including kidney failure, have been reported in people who have taken exenatide. Rarely, exenatide may cause harmful inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis).
  • Liraglutide (Victoza). Some studies have found that liraglutide reduces systolic blood pressure and triglycerides, in addition to improving blood sugar control. The most common side effects are headache, nausea and diarrhea. Clinical studies have also shown that liraglutide may cause pancreatitis.


If you have a personal or family history of medullary thyroid cancer or multiple endocrine neoplasia, you shouldn't use exenatide or liraglutide. Laboratory studies have associated these drugs with thyroid tumors in rats. Until more long-term studies are completed, the risk to humans for developing these types of tumors as a result of using these drugs isn't known.

These drugs are designed for people who have type 2 diabetes. However, a new drug containing a higher dose of liraglutide (Saxenda) was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treatment of obesity in nondiabetics. If you have diabetes and wonder if Byetta, Bydureon or Victoza may be helpful, talk to your doctor.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1800
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/dise ... 57955

美国梅奥诊所:吸烟饮酒会增加患糖尿病的风险吗?

豌豆爸爸 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 10 次浏览 • 2017-08-14 22:32 • 来自相关话题

Yes, alcohol and tobacco use may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Alcohol

Although studies show that drinking moderate amounts of alcohol may actually lower the risk of diabetes, the opposite is true for people who drink greater amounts of alcohol.

Moderate alcohol use is defined as one drink a day for women of all ages and men older than age 65, and up to two drinks a day for men age 65 and younger.

Too much alcohol may cause chronic inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), which can impair its ability to secrete insulin and potentially lead to diabetes.

Tobacco

Tobacco use can increase blood sugar levels and lead to insulin resistance. The more you smoke, the greater your risk of diabetes.

People who smoke heavily — more than 20 cigarettes a day — have almost double the risk of developing diabetes compared with people who don’t smoke.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1799
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/dise ... 58540 查看全部


Yes, alcohol and tobacco use may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Alcohol

Although studies show that drinking moderate amounts of alcohol may actually lower the risk of diabetes, the opposite is true for people who drink greater amounts of alcohol.

Moderate alcohol use is defined as one drink a day for women of all ages and men older than age 65, and up to two drinks a day for men age 65 and younger.

Too much alcohol may cause chronic inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), which can impair its ability to secrete insulin and potentially lead to diabetes.

Tobacco

Tobacco use can increase blood sugar levels and lead to insulin resistance. The more you smoke, the greater your risk of diabetes.

People who smoke heavily — more than 20 cigarettes a day — have almost double the risk of developing diabetes compared with people who don’t smoke.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1799
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美国梅奥诊所:禁食饮食可以改善心脏健康吗?

豌豆爸爸 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 15 次浏览 • 2017-08-14 22:26 • 来自相关话题

Maybe. Researchers aren't sure why, but it seems that regularly fasting — severely restricting food and drink for one to two days a week — can potentially improve your heart health.

It's difficult to tell what effect fasting has on your heart health because many people who routinely fast often do so for religious reasons. These people generally tend to not smoke or drink alcohol, which also can reduce heart disease risk.

However, at least one study has indicated that people who follow a fasting diet may have better heart health than people who don't. This may be because people who routinely fast show self-control over how many calories they eat and drink, and this behavior may translate into weight control and better eating choices when they aren't fasting.

Periodic fasting and better heart health may also be linked to the way your body metabolizes cholesterol and sugar. Regular fasting can decrease your low-density lipoprotein, or "bad," cholesterol. It's also thought that fasting may improve the way your body metabolizes sugar. This can reduce your risk of gaining weight and developing diabetes, which are both risk factors for heart disease.

More study is needed to determine whether occasional fasting can reduce your risk of heart disease. If you're considering periodic fasting, talk to your doctor about the pros and cons. Keep in mind that following a heart-healthy diet and exercising regularly also can improve your heart health.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1798
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Maybe. Researchers aren't sure why, but it seems that regularly fasting — severely restricting food and drink for one to two days a week — can potentially improve your heart health.

It's difficult to tell what effect fasting has on your heart health because many people who routinely fast often do so for religious reasons. These people generally tend to not smoke or drink alcohol, which also can reduce heart disease risk.

However, at least one study has indicated that people who follow a fasting diet may have better heart health than people who don't. This may be because people who routinely fast show self-control over how many calories they eat and drink, and this behavior may translate into weight control and better eating choices when they aren't fasting.

Periodic fasting and better heart health may also be linked to the way your body metabolizes cholesterol and sugar. Regular fasting can decrease your low-density lipoprotein, or "bad," cholesterol. It's also thought that fasting may improve the way your body metabolizes sugar. This can reduce your risk of gaining weight and developing diabetes, which are both risk factors for heart disease.

More study is needed to determine whether occasional fasting can reduce your risk of heart disease. If you're considering periodic fasting, talk to your doctor about the pros and cons. Keep in mind that following a heart-healthy diet and exercising regularly also can improve your heart health.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1798
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/dise ... 58334

美国梅奥诊所:氨基葡萄糖可以影响血糖吗?

豌豆爸爸 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 10 次浏览 • 2017-08-14 22:21 • 来自相关话题

 
Even though glucosamine is technically a type of sugar, it doesn't appear to affect blood sugar levels or insulin sensitivity. Some preliminary research had suggested that glucosamine might worsen insulin resistance, which can contribute to increases in blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. But subsequent studies refuted these findings.

Glucosamine is one of the most popular dietary supplements sold in the United States, although study results have been mixed regarding its ability to reduce osteoarthritis pain.

While glucosamine doesn't appear to affect glucose levels or insulin sensitivity, the supplement can interact with other medications you might be taking — such as warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven), a blood thinner. As with any dietary supplement, talk to your doctor before you add glucosamine to your daily regimen.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1797
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Even though glucosamine is technically a type of sugar, it doesn't appear to affect blood sugar levels or insulin sensitivity. Some preliminary research had suggested that glucosamine might worsen insulin resistance, which can contribute to increases in blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. But subsequent studies refuted these findings.

Glucosamine is one of the most popular dietary supplements sold in the United States, although study results have been mixed regarding its ability to reduce osteoarthritis pain.

While glucosamine doesn't appear to affect glucose levels or insulin sensitivity, the supplement can interact with other medications you might be taking — such as warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven), a blood thinner. As with any dietary supplement, talk to your doctor before you add glucosamine to your daily regimen.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1797
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/dise ... 58151

美国梅奥诊所:咖啡因会影响血糖吗?

豌豆爸爸 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 18 次浏览 • 2017-08-14 22:12 • 来自相关话题

The average U.S. adult consumes about two 8-ounce cups (474 milliliters) of coffee a day, which can contain around 280 milligrams of caffeine. For most young, healthy adults, caffeine doesn't appear to noticeably affect blood sugar (glucose) levels, and consumption up to 400 milligrams a day appears to be safe.

Some studies suggest that drinking coffee, caffeinated and decaffeinated, may actually reduce your risk of developing diabetes.

If you already have diabetes, however, the impact of caffeine on insulin action may be associated with higher or lower blood sugar levels. For some people with diabetes, about 200 milligrams of caffeine — or the equivalent of one to two 8-ounce cups (237 to 474 milliliters) of plain, brewed coffee — may cause this effect.

Caffeine affects every person differently. If you have diabetes or you're struggling to control your blood sugar levels, limiting the amount of caffeine in your diet may provide a benefit.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1796
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/dise ... 57941 查看全部

The average U.S. adult consumes about two 8-ounce cups (474 milliliters) of coffee a day, which can contain around 280 milligrams of caffeine. For most young, healthy adults, caffeine doesn't appear to noticeably affect blood sugar (glucose) levels, and consumption up to 400 milligrams a day appears to be safe.

Some studies suggest that drinking coffee, caffeinated and decaffeinated, may actually reduce your risk of developing diabetes.

If you already have diabetes, however, the impact of caffeine on insulin action may be associated with higher or lower blood sugar levels. For some people with diabetes, about 200 milligrams of caffeine — or the equivalent of one to two 8-ounce cups (237 to 474 milliliters) of plain, brewed coffee — may cause this effect.

Caffeine affects every person differently. If you have diabetes or you're struggling to control your blood sugar levels, limiting the amount of caffeine in your diet may provide a benefit.
 
中文翻译:
本文地址:http://www.wjbb.com/know/1796
原文出处:http://www.mayoclinic.org/dise ... 57941